When you’re trying to cut back on calories, it’s tempting to replace some of the sugar-laden treats in your diet with artificially sweetened ones. But whether this is a good idea or not is highly debated, as there are many kinds of alternative sweeteners, few of which have been researched extensively. Below are the facts about some of the sweeteners on the market, so you can review them and make the decision that’s best for you. If you want more advice, see my recommendations at the bottom!
|SWEETENER||ALSO CALLED||WHAT IT IS||HOW ITS USED||IMPORTANT INFO|
|Sugar||Sucrose||Natural substance from sugarcane or sugar beets||Baked goods, flavored yogurt, ice cream, bottled dressings and sauces||Nutritionally equivalent to brown sugar, honey; 16 calories per tsp|
|High Fructose Corn Syrup||HFCS||Very sweet liquid derived from cornstarch||Soda, processed foods, condiments||Just like sugar, may cause you to overeat b/c of effects on blood sugar and hunger-regulating hormones.|
|Agave Nectar||Agave Syrup||Sweet liquid extract from agave plant||Bottled, in some “natural” baked goods & processed foods||Sweeter than sugar, so when adding it to food you can use less to achieve the same taste|
|Sucralose||Splenda||Chemically altered sugar with no calories||In “Less Sugar” cereals, baked goods, some sodas/drinks||600X sweeter than sugar; recognized as safe but no long-term studies have proven its safety|
|Aspartame||Equal, Nutrasweet||Synthetic sweetener with no calories||Diet sodas, “light” yogurt and processed foods, diabetic candy, sugar-free gum||Causes headaches in some people, research on whether it’s safe is mixed, not safe if you have phenylketonuria|
|Stevia||Truvia, PureVia, Enliten, Rebiana||Natural sweetener derived from leaf of stevia plant||In packets, protein-shake mixes, some “natural” soft drinks||Currently considered safe in small amounts, but no long-term studies have proven its safety. May cause gas or bloating.|
|Saccharin||Sweet ‘N Low||Synthetic sweetener with no calories||In toothpaste, in packets, and Tab diet soda||300X sweeter than sugar. Has been linked to cancer in rats, research on relationship to cancer in humans is inconclusive.|
- When you want a treat, eat a real one, sweetened with sugar or another regular old natural sweetener. If you eat sweets occasionally and in moderate portions, the sugar won’t cause cavities or weight gain.
- Avoid artificial (and zero-calorie “natural”) sweeteners most of the time. Even if they end up being proven safe for long-term use, they may interfere with your body’s ability to judge whether it’s still hungry or not. Plus, these sweeteners are only present in processed, packaged foods, which should be eaten occasionally anyway.
- None of these sweeteners will kill you if eaten in small portions, according to the evidence we have today. So if you aim to eat mostly real, nutritious foods that you make yourself, it probably won’t matter which of these you decide to ingest – if only once in a great while.