Carrageenan: What It Is and How to Avoid It

carrageenan

Carrageenan sounds harmless enough at first glance: a derivative of red seaweed used as a thickener, stabilizer or emulsifier in many dairy foods and dairy alternatives.

But research has actually linked carrageenan to increased inflammation in the body – particularly gastrointestinal inflammation which can cause colitis-like disease and tumor promotion. Yikes!

The really scary thing is, carrageenan is found in SO MUCH of what we eat, even organic foods and other favorites of many “healthy eaters.” While it’s probably not harmful in very small amounts, if you’re relying on carrageenan-containing foods regularly, you may be putting your health at risk.

Here are just a handful of popular foods that contain carrageenan, as well as some better alternatives that do not.

CONTAIN CARRAGEENAN

DO NOT CONTAIN CARAGEENAN

Chocolate Milk

  • Horizon Organic
  • Clover Stornetta
  • Kirkland Signature
  • Organic Valley (shelf-stable only)
  • Troo Moo (Alta Dena)
  • Most other chocolate milks
Chocolate Milk

  • Organic Valley (refrigerated)
  • Straus Family Creamery
  • Castle Rock Organic
  • Strafford Organic
Cottage Cheese

  • Whole Foods 365
  • Cabot Creamery
  • Clover Stornetta
  • Horizon Organic
  • Publix
  • Trader Joe’s
Cottage Cheese

  • Nancy’s
  • Organic Valley
  • Kalona Supernatural
Sour Cream

  • Horizon Organic
  • Natural by Nature
  • Publix
Sour Cream

  • Whole Foods
  • Organic Valley
  • Nancy’s
  • Wallaby Organic
  • Straus Family Creamery
Almond Milk

  • Almond Breeze
  • Almond Dream
  • So Delicious
  • Trader Joe’s (shelf-stable)
  • Pacific Foods
  • President’s Choice
  • Califia Farms
Almond Milk

  • Whole Foods 365
  • Silk PureAlmond
  • WestSoy
  • Simple Truth
  • Trader Joe’s (refrigerated)
  • Tree of Life
Soy Milk

  • All soy milk not listed to the right contains carrageenan

 

Soy Milk

  • Organic Valley
  • EdenSoy
  • Pacific Foods (organic unsweetened original)
  • WestSoy
  • Trader Joe’s shelf-stable unsweetened (all other TJ’s have carrageenan)
  • Soy Dream
  • Tofu Shop
  • Twin Oaks
Coconut Milk

  • Coconut Dream
  • So Delicious
  • Silk Pure Coconut
  • Trader Joe’s
  • Almond Breeze
  • Zico (chocolate)
Coconut Milk

  • Thai Kitchen
  • Tropical Traditions
  • Cadia
  • Blue Monkey
  • Coconut waters not listed to the right
Coffee Creamer (non-dairy)

  • So Delicious
  • Silk
  • Trader Joe’s
  • Whole Foods 365
  • So Nice
  • Wildwod
Coffee Creamer (non-dairy)

  • Organic Valley
Eggnog

  • Horizon Organic
  • Clover Stornetta
Eggnog

  • Organic Valley
  • Straus Family Creamery

 

By no means is this an exhaustive list. There are MANY other prepared foods, dairy foods, non-dairy alternatives, juices, etc – both organic and conventional – that contain carrageenan.

Here’s a very extensive shopping guide to help you avoid products with carrageenan.

In general, the best ways to minimize your exposure to carrageenan are:

  1. Limit packaged and processed foods.
  2. Read ingredients lists and choose brands that do not use carrageenan.
  3. Make food from scratch when possible (like almond milk – it’s easy!)
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Comments

  1. That’s really interesting. I always assumed it was natural and harmless. I use xanthan gum as a thickener to make frozen yogurt. Should I be concerned about that too?

  2. SO MUCH FOR THE MYTHS
    CONSIDER THE FACTS ON CARRAGEENAN FOR A CHANGE

    Q. What is Carrageenan??

    A. Carrageenan is a naturally-occurring seaweed extract. It is widely used in foods and non-foods to improve texture and stability. Common uses include meat and poultry, dairy products, canned pet food, cosmetics and toothpaste.
    Q. Why the controversy?
    A. Self-appointed consumer watchdogs have produced numerous web pages filled with words condemning carrageenan as an unsafe food additive for human consumption. However, in 70+ years of carrageenan being used in processed foods, not a single substantiated claim of an acute or chronic disease has been reported as arising from carrageenan consumption. On a more science-based footing, food regulatory agencies in the US, the EU, and in the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) repeatedly review and continue to approve carrageenan as a safe food additive.
    On June 11th, 2008, Dr. Joanne Tobacman petitioned the FDA to revoke the current regulations permitting use of carrageenan as a food additive.
    On June 11th, 2012 the FDA denied her petition, categorically addressing and ultimately dismissing all of her claims; their rebuttal supported by the results of several in-depth, scientific studies.
    If you would like to read the full petition and FDA response, they can be accessed at http://www.regulations.gov/#!searchResults;rpp=25;po=0;s=FDA-2008-P-0347

    • Carrageenan has been proven unsafe and outlawed in other countries. That the FDA deems something “safe” does not comfort me one bit. They also allow over 10,000 chemical additives in food – only a few of which have actually been studied – and routinely claim all sorts of other ingredients are “safe” when research suggests otherwise. I know of Dr. Tobacman’s research and believe it is valid.

    • Debbie aka Debbie Young is posting the FAQ talking points from Ingredient Solutions Inc. on any site that dares call carrageenan into question. Ingredient Solutions just so happens to be the world’s largest carrageenan supplier, by the way, and she just so happens to be listed as an author for them. Interesting, isn’t it?

  3. This is a great list- thanks so much for the resources. I just found your blog and now you have a new local reader! I’m in the LA area. :)